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Musculoskeletal System

Bone Tissues

  • ACT - Acetabulum: A portion of the pelvis with the full acetabular socket and labrum attached.
  • HUM - Humerus: This bone is harvested fully intact. One per harvest.
  • FIB - Fibula: This bone is harvested fully intact one per harvest.
  • PA - Patella: This sesamoid bone measures 2.2 cm in thickness and the cartilage measures 5 mm in thickness. The patellar and quadricep tendons are attached.
  • FF - Front feet: The front foot of the pig that includes the skin, muscle, and phalanges.
  • FEM - Femur: Femur bone with all condyles attached.  Muscle tissue is dissected away from the bone unless specified.
  • HD - Head: The head with or without ears and eyes attached.  Skin and muscle are attached.
  • SKL - Skull: Skull with brain intact.  The muscle and skin are removed.  The mandible is removed.
  • LF - Legs Front: Full front legs including ulna and radius (both cut just above the carpals), carpals, metacarpals, phalanges.  Skin and muscle attached.
  • LHHH - Legs Hind: Includes the tibia and fibulas (both cut just above the tarsals), tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges with muscle and skin attached.
  • LVBRT - Lumbar Spine: Lumbar vertebrae L1-L5 cut in half on the sagittal plane.  This tissue consists of ½ spine.  The vertebral discs (1/2s) are in place.  The spinal cord is not part of this tissue.
  • THVRT - Thoracic Vertebrae: The thoracic spine (T1-T12) is cut on the sagittal plane and the spinal cord is removed.  The vertebral disc is in place (again with the sagittal cut).  This tissue provides ½ of the vertebral column.
  • RB - Rib Section: Includes ribs with a cut through the vertebral column and the sternum on the sagittal plane, intercostal muscles, and costal cartilage.  T-1 – T12.
  • RBWBW - Rib Section with Body Wall attached: The ribs T1-T12 with a sagittal cut through the sternum and vertebral column, intercostal muscles, and costal cartilage all covered with the skin, muscle, fat, and fascia.
  • TON - Tongue: The entire tongue is harvested up to the base.  There is no extra muscle attached.
  • MAN - Mandible: This is a custom harvest which means the skin and muscle are optional.  The molars are intact as is the gingiva.
  • SCA - Scapula: One piece.
  • STFL - Stifle Joint: Included in this tissue is the femur (which is cut mid shaft), the tibia and fibula (which are cut mid shaft of both bones), the patella, and meniscus pairs as well as all the ligaments within the joint.  The muscle and skin are attached.
  • STFLD - Stifle Joint - Dissected:  Included are the femur, tibia and fibula (all of which are cut mid-shaft), the patella and meniscus pairs, and the ligaments involved in the joint.  The skin and muscle have been dissected away to reveal the joint.
  • TIBC - Tibia with Condyles: This bone is harvested with the condyles attached.
  • TIBCR - Tibia without Condyles: This bone is harvested without the condyles.  It is cut just below them.

Muscle TISSUES

  • BW - Body wall (flank): This tissue includes all tissues from the epidermis to the peritoneum.  The sheet of tissue is harvested from dorsal to ventral and from scapula to pelvis.  Included are the epidermis, dermis, fat, fascia, and muscle.  The tissue sheet measures approximately 12”x 20” and is approximately 1” thick.
  • BWC - Body Wall Cut: This tissue is the same description as the body wall except for it being cut into smaller custom sized pieces as per client specifications.
  • DIA - Diaphragm: Full diaphragm with openings of aorta hiatus, esophageal hiatus, and caval opening present.  There is a cut opening in the frontal portion of the diaphragm which makes the tissue in the shape of a “C”.
  • LM - Longissimus Muscle: This muscle is also known as the loin and is harvested as a single.
  • SKM - Skeletal Muscle: Clients may specify which skeletal muscle they prefer. All are available.

Cartilage TISSUES

  • CC - Costal Cartilage: Harvested from the ribcage (1/2 of rib cage) between the ribs and the sternum.
  • EAR - Ear: Individual ear with skin attached.  Tissue will be free of hair and may have ear notches used for identification.  The ear is harvested at the base of the pina just before it meets the head.
  • FBC - Fibrocartilage: Harvested from the spinal column or the stifle joint.
  • MEN - Meniscus: Medial and lateral meniscus of the stifle joint.
  • NS - Nasal Septum: Harvested measurement is 4 inches long, 1 mm thick, and 25 mm wide

Tendon/Ligament Tissues

  • TNA - Achilles Tendon: This tendon is harvested at a length of 5” and has an inner lumen round diameter of 1 mm.
  • TNE - TNA Extensor Tendon: This digital extensor tendon is harvested from the front leg of the pig and has a harvested width of 1” and length of 2”.
  • TNF - Flexor Tendon: This digital flexor tendon is harvested from the front leg of the pig and has a harvested length of 1” and a round diameter of 1⁄2”.
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The Value of Animal Growth Charts in Biomedical Research

Our porcine growth chart allows clients to know the expected rate (average daily gain) of growth over time of our Yorkshire cross bred swine herd at all ages.